The MACD line is the core component of this indicator, it is calculated from the difference of 2 EMAs with a period of 26 and 12 respectively (default).

The signal line is the average line of the MACD line with a default parameter of 9.

MACD histogram is the difference between the MACD line and the signal line


Since the MACD is based on an MA, we can then use the MACD for momentum analysis, find trend entry points, and stay in it until we see momentum decline. Here's how to use it in detail:

1. The MACD line cuts the reference level 0

In the chart below, I have added two MA lines including EMA12 and EMA26 to the price chart, now observe the intersection of these two MA lines with the movement of the MACD line below.

When the EMA12 cut below the EMA26 (the downtrend formed), the MACD line cut below the zero levels.

Conversely, when EMA12 crosses above EMA26, MACD also cuts above zero.
Take advantage of this, every time MA crosses the zero level, pay attention to the possibility that a new up/downtrend will form.

2. Line signal

As for the signal line, you will observe how it moves with the MACD line. Basically, when they stretch apart, the trend is getting stronger, on the contrary, when they gather together, the up / down momentum is losing strength.

However, for a strong trend, this may not be accurate. Crossovers between them can occur while the trend is on, as in zone 3 of the example below don't be confused by their crossover.

3. Entry points in the trend

If merely entering orders based on the MACCD, the level of effect can be terrible, so we need to incorporate more price action for this.

The chart below is divided into 6 regions including:
  • Cumulative area: (1), (3)
  • Trend zone: (2), (4), (6)
  • Divergence Zones: (5)

The buying zones are at the end of zones (1) and (3) as the MACD has broken above the zero lines, and especially the price breaks the resistance of the pattern.

Area (5) is the area of the exit from the buy order when the price supports it, and at the same time, there is a divergence from the MACD.

Divergence signals such as zone (5) if you know how to utilize traders can enter orders from the beginning of the trend, and of course, if you take advantage of the divergence signals, the profit margin will be very large.